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Tummy Tuck Procedures – Removing those Imperfections

Liposuction FactsA lot of aspects change the contour of your abdomen. Your abdominal tissues can stretch from childbirth or significant weight gain to an extent that is unattainable with exercise. Excess fat deposits may produce unwanted bulges or fullness, and loose skin following childbirth or weight loss may produce an unattractive abdomen.

Tummy tuck procedure is a method that improves the contour and appearance of the abdomen by tightening the underlying muscle framework, and clearing away excess fat and loose skin and many stretch marks. This procedure is also called “abdominoplasty”.

The enlargement of your uterus during pregnancy causes significant stretching of the tissues of your abdomen. After giving birth, you can exercise to recover the tone in the muscles, but the facial tissues, which interconnect the muscles, do not respond to this effort. The bulging that is cause by the stretching or looseness of the lower abdominal tissues can’t be corrected by exercising.

The tissues may become much looser and may actually hang downward especially after significant weight loss. This happens as fat is lot beneath the skin of your abdomen.

Localized deposit of fat can happen in areas of the abdomen even in individuals who are not overweight. It produces an undesirable contour. If the only problem is the fat deposits, this may be corrected by liposuction alone. But, if stretched musculature or loose skin is present, abdominoplasty is necessary to achieve the best result.

Complete abdominoplasty

In general, a complete or full abdominoplasty follows these steps: First, an incision is made from hip to hip just above the pubic area. Second, another incision is made to free the navel from the surrounding skin. Third, the skin is detached from the abdominal wall to reveal the muscles and fascia to be tightened then the muscle fascia wall is tightened with sutures. Fourth, liposuction is often used to refine the transition zones of the abdominal sculpture. And lastly, a dressing and a compression garment sometimes are applied and any excess fluid from the site is drained.

Partial abdominoplasty

A mini or partial abdominoplasty procedure has the following steps. First, a smaller incision is made. Second, the skin and fat of the lower abdomen are detached in a more limited fashion from the muscle fascia. The skin is then stretched down and excess skin is removed. Third, sometimes the belly button stalk is divided from the muscle below the belly button slid down lower on the abdominal wall. Fourth, sometimes a portion of the abdominal muscle fascia wall is tightened. Fifth, liposuction is often used to contour the transition zone. And sixth, the flap is stitched back into place.

Limitations and Risks

The reshaping of your abdomen depends on several factors. The quality of your tissues is very important, and is a factor over which we have little control. Overweight people get much better correction if you achieve a more ideal body weight before your tummy tuck procedure. The amount of fat and skin that can be safely removed during the procedure has limitations.


After tummy tuck procedures, most patients have moderate discomfort on the first 48-72 hours, decreasing rapidly thereafter. The level of discomfort depends on the extent of surgery required to reshape the abdomen. A medication is prescribed to keep the patient comfortable as possible. The patient will fell the abdomen getting tighter as the result of the procedure. This feeling will decrease over 1-3 weeks as swelling decreases and the tissues become accustomed to their new position.

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Obesity in Children – Safe and Healthy Ways Children Could Lose Weight

Obese childThe number of children suffering from obesity continues to grow. While many parents think that kids who are above their natural weight is a sign of good health, medical professionals think otherwise. Obesity in kids is simply not healthy and is a sign of poor nutrition. One common misconception is that children who are malnourished are those who are sickly or severely underweight. But not having the right nutrition is not only having a deficiency of nutrients or vitamins but in this case storing too much amounts of fat.

There is no shortage of diet books or exercise programs for helping people lose weight. But these have been developed for adults not for children. A child’s body may not react the same way as an adult when given the same exercises or diet. As a general rule, it is best to stay with what’s been shown to work in scientific studies.

There are steps or guidelines developed by experts from the CDC, the Health Resources and Service Administration, and the American Medical Association and it is reviewed by 15 other professional organizations. You can start by choosing one or two steps and work your way into a healthier lifestyle.

Aim to maintain your child’s weight rather than lose weight for younger kids who still have a lot of growing to do.

This allows your young overweight child to grow into his weight. Cutting down calories in your children’s diet is not a good idea unless it is advised by your doctor.

Embrace a Healthier lifestyle for your family

Be a cheerleader for your family and keep it fun, enjoyable and positive. Then make your partner or another child a co-cheerleader to help keep up your family’s motivation. The more, the merrier.

Eat at the table.

It’s really tempting to eat in front of the TV or have a own schedule for family members, it is much better to eat together at the table at least 5 or 6 times a week. Kids who ate most of their meals with their family on the table were less likely to be overweight according to a study.

Focus on vegetables and fruits.

You should track how many servings of fruits and veggies your overweight child eats. The ultimate goal here is to convince your child to eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day. Making it more visible to your kid is an easy way of encouragement. Apple and oranges in a bowl is good on your table. Or you can also add up washed, cut, bite-sized veggies with a healthy dip on a plate covered with clear plastic wrap in the fridge.

Remove sugared beverages such as soda, sports drinks, and fruit punch.

Have each member of the family start every meal with a glass of water to help your family make this transition. It will really take time to get out of the habit of having sugary drinks every day but you’ll be able to make it. If they were used to drink sugary drink four times a day, try to switch to three a day for a week. Then cut down, and so on.

Being overweight or obese as a child may also lead to psychological disorders in some children. A child counselor or specialist helps to increase confidence and self-esteem. It will also develop coping strategies when they find themselves being teased or bullied.

If you want to help your overweight child, you can start with small changes to your family’s diet and lifestyle to make it healthier for the whole family. You have to remember that if a child is obese or overweight, they will have a higher risk for developing various health problems especially during their adult life. They will most likely be overweight or obese as an adult. If you will treat obesity during childhood, some of these problems may be prevented.

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Liposuction, Fat Cells and You

Liposuction is simply the elimination of fat cells under the skin. But before considering this medical procedure we must first understand our body, skin and fat cells.

The skin is the body’s largest organ. It is the body’s first line of protection keeping us safe from the external environment much like a physical barrier. It maintains ideal body temperature, preserves moisture, synthesizes Vitamin D and serves as a sense organ.

The skin is made of three basic layers. The epidermis which is the top most layer, dermis which is the middle layer and hypodermis. The hypodermis in particular is especially important in terms of liposuction. This is where the body stores 50 percent of its fat content. Fat cells located in the hypodermis functions as an insulator and an energy source for the body.

Fat cells or adipose tissue is essential for the body’s normal functioning and should not be labeled as something unhealthy. Physically, these might not be attractive but plays an important role in maintaining health. The body contains twenty five to thirty billion fat cells. These are usually located in the abdomen, thighs and other problem areas.

Without these, we are unable to keep ourselves warm during those chilly months and lose internal heat; which requires us not only to wear warm clothes but also increase our food intake. Fat cells are the body’s main source for energy. The absence of these energy sources would force our body to burn muscle and other tissues. Sitting for long periods of time for example would be difficult without these natural padding.

Everybody is born with approximately the same number of fat cells. Genetics may play a role in determining a person’s chances for obesity but a person’s lifestyle that ultimately decides body structure. Fat cells merely stores fat. Weight problems arise when people start storing fat which is more than what their body requires. This is why people have different body structures even though they have the same number of fat cells.

Just like the skin, there are three levels of body fat. The deep subcutaneous fat is the one that is commonly eliminated during liposuction. The top upper layers of fat are separated by a membrane called the fascia. This also creates areas or fat pockets.

The upper fat layers are denser and is tightly packed with blood vessels and nerves. This makes fat removal more difficult compared to the inner layers. This is also responsible for the bumps and skin irregularities which indicate unsightly fat deposits in the body. Great care should be taken when working on these areas. Bruises and skin trauma is expected. More dangerous complications include skin necrosis (skin death), permanent discoloration and nerve damage.

There two basic patterns for fat deposits. Fat that is accumulated in the lower abdomen, buttocks, thighs and hips is referred to as a Gynoid pattern. This is also commonly found in women. Fat accumulation in the upper abdomen and flanks is called an android distribution.

The location and amount of fat deposited in certain areas of the body could be attributed to several factors. Medical conditions and hormonal imbalances also play a part in the problem. The production of fat cells in the body stops once puberty is over. However, those who are severely obese could multiply there fat cells. People who are 200 percent above their ideal weight are considered obese.

There is no disputing the fact that liposuction is an effective procedure that removes fat cells. But the benefits of liposuction do not give people the license to continue their unhealthy ways. It is only through a proper diet and active lifestyle can people enjoy a slimmer body after liposuction.

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Tumescent Liposuction – Weighing your Options

Medical science has brought many innovations to quick and effective weight loss. Liposuction surgery continues to be the pioneers in terms of this type of treatment but liposuction alternatives are quickly catching up as a popular method of eliminating stubborn body fat.

How is it performed?

Tumescent liposuction is a modern weight loss method that offers the benefits of traditional liposuction without its associated risks. It is generally safer and only requires local anesthesia. This procedure utilizes epinephrine and diluted local anesthesia. This is injected into the target areas which firm and swells tissue around the area. The epinephrine also acts to constrict the capillaries and blood vessels to minimize bleeding and hasten recovery period.

When the target area is desensitized, the surgeon makes a small incision where the cannula will be inserted. Once inserted, a vacuum sucks out stubborn fat deposits and eliminated. The small incision is closed after the procedure.

Recovery and after care

The patient is assessed after the operation. An elastic comprehension garment is used to keep pressure on the area to prevent bleeding. It is also used to promote proper healing and hasten wound recovery time. The anesthesia usually loses its effects after surgery and the patient would experience pain and discomfort. However, the surgeon usually prescribed anti inflammatory medications for managing pain and swelling.

Patients could return to their normal daily activities with as little as a few days after treatment. Ample rest and a healthy diet are advised to promote faster recovery. Patients are also advised to ambulate as soon as they can to promote blood circulation and prevent blood clots.

Surgeons usually advise their patients to refrain from strenuous activities a few days after surgery. This is to prevent the wound from opening and bleeding. Proper wound care is also recommended to prevent wound infection.

Advantages of Tumescent Liposuction

Tumescent liposuction is similar in principle to traditional liposuction surgery but differs in some details. First, it uses local anesthesia in lieu of general anesthesia which significantly lowers risks and complications. Because it is less invasive, patients could be discharged after the procedure. This significantly reduces the costs of the weight loss treatment since expensive hospital stay is eliminated. According to some experts, tumescent liposuction is more efficient in body sculpting since it is able to harden target areas for more precise fat removal.

The patients are awake during the procedure decreasing the fears associated with surgery. It is less stressful and less tasking. Medical complications and risks are also reduced making it safer compared to liposuction.

Even with the best practices, this does not eliminate some of the direct results of surgery. This includes tissue trauma on the target area, pain, swelling and scarring. Tumescent liposuction however, is safer compared to traditional liposuction.

Who are ideal candidates?

This is ideal for people who are near their ideal weight. A common misconception is that liposuction could be done on anybody. But the risks of surgery increases with every pound a patient is above their ideal weight. Surgeons recommend patients to decrease their weight before undergoing surgery.

Whatever the choice, traditional or alternative liposuction, it is best that you determine what procedure works best for you. Consult with your personal physician to help determine the safest and healthiest way to eliminate those unwanted fat deposits.

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Diet Wars: Men, Women and Food

256px-Human_body_man_and_woman_with_numbers.svgIf one is to follow the social typecast, one is likely to conclude that men eat like lions and women, like birds. A typical male will favor red meat, pork, sausages, egg and starchy food, while a typical female will shy away from them. Meat, which represents virility is classified as “male food” while fruits and vegetables are considered “feminine.” Men also tend to eat more because society has given them the license to be fat while women should always be slim.  Men are more likely to admit that they eat for pleasure, while women will use food for a physique that will fall within socially accepted norms on beauty and fitness.

Such an observation is true based on several studies conducted about the eating habits of men and women. Both men and women have specific reason on why they eat certain food items but women put more weight on food as a source of nutrition. Women would also regard food as a source of comfort or a method for maintaining overall health and well-being.

The Numbers

A research conducted by the International Food Information Foundation in the US reveals that women are indeed more discriminating than men in terms of the kinds of food they eat. The study shows that women tend to benefit from and contribute to their overall fitness.

In addition, both men and women believe that specific foods and beverages target their unique gender-specific needs. The following are some of the observations made by the study.

  • 53 percent of women consume specific foods they believe will make them health while 48 percent of men believe the same.
  • 42 percent of women choose certain foods that make them full or satisfied. A lower percentage of men, 27 percent choose food for the same reason. In general, men believe that volume and not the type of food is the key to satisfying their hunger.
  • 41 percent of women pick food items that aid their digestive health and only 33 percent consciously make this choice.
  • 34 percent limit their diet to food that will lessen the effects of whatever disease or medical condition they presently have. 27 percent of men do the same.
  • 34 percent of women include food in their diet that boosts their energy or stamina. Surprisingly, only 27 percent of men who are actively engaged in sports are mindful of this.
  • 34 percent of women put a premium on the food items that increase their mental performance while 27 percent of men do so.
  • 33 percent of women utilize food that will prevent them from acquiring certain diseases. 25 percent of men have this level of awareness (the rest find out too late after consuming too much that they have acquired a life-style related disease).
  • 30 percent of women maximize the benefits of food to improve their overall appearance while 20 percent of men are equally conscious of this benefit.

Sex and Food Choices

Based on the study, one can conclude that men are not really that health-conscious when it comes to making decisions about the food they eat. The study also shows that women tend to be more satisfied with their health status but pay more attention to their weight than men. As a result, women are more likely to make more changes in their diet than men in order to improve their health.

In a survey conducted by the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in Atlanta, Georgia, it was shown that men are more likely to consume meat and poultry products. Aside from being potential sources of bacteria and viruses when poorly prepared, meat increases the risk factors for acquiring lifestyle diseases. These include cardio vascular, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes.

Women on the other hand prefer vegetables like carrots and tomatoes and fruits like strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and apples. A common denominator of all these plants is that they are rich in chemicals and anti-oxidants that possess anti-aging properties and prevent certain diseases. Women also prefer dry foods such as almonds and walnuts and consume more eggs and yogurt.

Freshness Factor

While women prefer fresh meat over frozen ones, they tend to shy away from undercooked items like burgers and steaks, runny or over-easy eggs, raw oysters and cheese made from unpasteurized milk. In general, men don’t mind if their food is under cooked. This gives an insight into women’s heightened alertness of food items that are potential sources of diseases. Women are also more likely to eat raw vegetables like salads and greens and sprouts.


When it comes to snacks, men and women’s preferences vary as well. Women consider themselves healthy “snackers.” Women choose fruits, nuts and vegetables over the over the counter kind. When dining out, men would usually go for burgers and pizza. In addition, women are on the lookout for healthier options in fast food or fine-dining restaurants.

Age Factor

As men and women age, their eating habits are likely to change or mature as well. A separate study conducted in Japan that focused on the eating habits of older citizens showed more middle-aged men took more nutrients from food rather than women. However, women took the lion’s share in consuming vegetables and fruits. Interestingly, despite the increased risks of acquiring lifestyle-related diseases, men still consumed high amounts of alcohol compared to women who preferred tea. Men were able to consume more nutrients simply because of the sheer volume of food they eat. Women despite eating less were able to show more variety in the food they ate.

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